This Day in History: July 23

britannica.com

Gamal Abdel Nasser

1952 – Egyptian monarchy toppled by coup. On this day in 1952, the Free Officers, a nationalistic military group led by Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser, engineered a coup that overthrew King Farouk I of Egypt, ending the monarchy and bringing Nasser to power.

Eileen Collins

1999 – With the launch of NASA‘s orbiter Columbia, U.S. astronaut Eileen Collins became the first woman to command a space shuttle mission.

Detroit Riot of 1967

1967 – A riot began in Detroit as African Americans and the city’s police department were involved in violent confrontations following a police raid on an illegal drinking club; the unrest, which lasted for five days, is considered one of the catalysts of the militant Black Power movement.

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