This Day in History: July 17

britannica.com

International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War

1936 – Beginning of the Spanish Civil War. A well-planned uprising by Nationalist rebels against the Republican government of Spain began this day in 1936, sparking a bloody civil war that lasted until 1939, when the Nationalists and Francisco Franco assumed power.

Malaysia Airlines flight 17

2014 – Malaysia Airlines flight 17 crashed in separatist-held territory in Ukraine, killing all 298 people on board; a Dutch investigation later determined that the aircraft was shot down by a Russian-made surface-to-air missile.

Nicholas II and family

1918 – Former Russian tsar Nicholas II and his family were executed by Bolsheviks.

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