This Day in History: January 16

britannica.com

Persian Gulf War: burning oil wells 1991 – Beginning of Persian Gulf War. The Persian Gulf War, triggered by Iraq‘s occupation of Kuwait in August 1990, began on this day in 1991 with a U.S.-led air offensive against Iraq that continued until a cease-fire was declared on February 28.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

2006 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the first woman to be elected head of state of an African country, was sworn in as president of Liberia.

Ivan the Terrible

1547 – Ivan the Terrible was crowned “tsar and grand prince of all Russia.”

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