This Day in History: February 19

britannica.com

Battle of Iwo Jima

1945 – Iwo Jima invaded by U.S. Marines. On this day in 1945, during the final phases of World War II, U.S. Marines invaded Iwo Jima so as to wrest control of the strategically important island from the Japanese, who put up fierce resistance in the ensuing battle.

Fidel Castro

2008 – Fidel Castro formally resigned as president of Cuba; he was succeeded by his brother Raúl.

Japanese American internment

1942 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the executive order allowing the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II.

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