This Day in History: February 12


1818 – Chile’s independence from Spain declared. Although the decisive victory over the Spanish did not come until April at the Battle of Maipú, Chile formally declared independence from Spain on this day in 1818, the first anniversary of Chile’s victory at Chacabuco.


1953 – The Egyptian government signed an agreement with Britain granting self-government for the Sudan and self-determination within three years for the Sudanese.

An NAACP march in New York City during World War I.

1909 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.

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